Conveyancing & Property Law

Buying or selling a residential or commercial property is a significant commitment.  For some people it is the most significant transaction they will ever undertake.
The Property lawyers at Craddock Murray Neumann have been acting for purchasers and sellers of residential and commercial property for over twenty years. They will:
  • explain the issues involved in the sale or purchase of your property
  • explain the difference between buying or selling by Public Auction or Private Treaty
  • tell you what costs are involved including stamp duty
  • advise you about your Contract for Sale
  • advise you about and negotiate special terms and conditions for the sale or purchase of your property
  • attend to your lenders' requirements
  • organise searches and enquiries to ensure you get what you think you are buying
  • ask the seller the right questions about the property being sold
  • organize settlement
Our property and conveyancing services include:
  • Torrens Title
  • old system conveyancing 
  • company title
  • rural land
  • commercial and industrial leasing
  • residential leasing
  • leasing disputes
  • easements, covenants and disputes over easements
  • property development and associated aspects such as:-
    • options
    • acquisitions
  • Land & Environment Court Appeals and Applications
  • liquor licensing and conveyancing
  • sale and purchase of business
  • Strata Title disputes
Further information
Contact Craddock Murray Neumann Lawyers on (02) 8268 4000 for friendly professional service.
Trusts and family law disputes
Date: Jul 06, 2015

Many family law disputes involve issues relating to various trusts. Family lawyers are often approached by clients who are either trustees and/or beneficiaries of a trust. Often their children and other family members are beneficiaries as well.

Contract: the rules of the game
Date: Jun 15, 2015

The traditionally accepted view of law is that it is an independent set of rules governing society routinely applied by reference to existing precedent. The law is considered autonomous and distinct from custom, morality, religion and politics. In western civilisations, legal systems are built on liberal foundations.

Private contractual arrangements and government intervention
Date: Jun 12, 2015

The law was not constructed on a bare canvas, but on value-laden foundations. Ordinarily, when a house is built on a sloping block, the nature of that slope determines the type of structure erected upon it. The structure is changed to suit the conditions of the landscape, not vice-versa. It is no different with the law.

Religious officers, contracts and legal relations
Date: Jun 11, 2015

In commercial transactions, the onus of proving (on the balance of probabilities) that a contract does not exist rests with the party disputing what courts presume to be an agreement intended to have legal force. For disputes concerning family members, courts take the viewpoint that “each house is a domain into which the King's writ does not seek to run, and to which his officers do not seek to be admitted”.

Consideration in contract law
Date: Jun 10, 2015

The doctrine of Consideration is concerned with the price paid for a promise. Consideration is something of legal value given in exchange for a promise.

A contract that is not a contract
Date: Jun 09, 2015

Equitable Estoppel is a cause of action that protects parties’ reliance on promises which have the appearance of a contract, but which do not satisfy the elements needed to create binding legal relations, that result in detriment to one party. The case of Waltons Stores (Interstate) Ltd v Maher is a landmark case which has greatly affected the common law of contract.

PPSA Protection and Perfection
Date: May 25, 2015

Despite the transitional periods having expired last year, the requirements (and existence) of the Personal Property Security Register (PPSR), created pursuant to the Personal Property Security Act 2009 (Cth) (PPSA), remain unknown to many consumers and suppliers. If you are involved in business or personal transactions regarding the provision of goods on any terms other than a cash on delivery basis, or you have a line of credit with suppliers, or provide a line of credit to others, you should familiarise yourself with the PPSR and PPSA.

Application of the rule in Flight v Booth for ‘off the plan’ contracts
Date: Sep 14, 2014

Following on from Kannane v Demian Developments, the case of Higgins v Statewide Developments Pty Ltd [2010] NSW 183 presents a more recent attempt at applying the rule in Flight v Booth to ‘off the plan’ property sales.

Rescinding ‘off the plan’ contracts - the Rule in Flight v Booth
Date: Sep 14, 2014

Purchasing a property before it is built, also known as purchasing ‘off the plan’, can be a rewarding yet risky enterprise, especially if the finished product isn’t the same as what you contracted to buy. The contract may provide for certain limited circumstances which allow you to rescind (revoke) the contract. There is, however, also some legal rules which may be able to help. One such rule is called ‘the rule in Flight v Booth’. The NSW case of Kannane and Ors v Demian Developments P/L [2005] NSWSC 1193 sets out when the rule in Flight v Booth will apply.

What are the standard terms that should be included in a rental agreement?
Date: Sep 01, 2014

There’s no escaping the fact that property prices are rather high in Australia. Therefore, a large number of people will be involved with the rental market, and because there are probably more renters then properties to lease, it’s important that renters are aware of their rights, especially when it comes to what their residential agreements should entail.

Costs orders - who pays the costs of legal proceedings?
Date: Aug 25, 2014

The Court has power under Section 98 of the Civil Procedure Act 2005 to determine by whom, to whom and to what extent the costs of the proceedings are to be paid.

Caveats, interests in property and contracts – does my contract give me a caveatable interest?
Date: Aug 18, 2014

Section 74F of the Real Property Act 1900 (NSW) permits a person who claims to be entitled to a “legal or equitable estate or interest in land” to lodge with the Registrar-General a caveat, prohibiting the recording of any dealing affecting the estate or interest to which the person claims to be entitled.

What is the difference between an Owner’s Corporation and Executive Committee?
Date: Jul 09, 2014

The success of the strata title system in NSW lies in its unique arrangement of individual ownership and communal control and administration. The most important elements of the system you need to understand are the roles and responsibilities of the two bodies known as the ‘owner’s corporation’ and the ‘executive committee’.

How can an owner’s corporation enforce compliance with by-laws?
Date: Jul 07, 2014

By-laws which govern the activity and behaviour of owners in and around their strata title property can be difficult for owners to accept, especially if they are accustomed to living in stand-alone properties with far fewer restrictions on their activity. However, it is important they are generally adhered to, in order to maintain the integrity of the strata scheme, the value of the properties contained within it and the peaceful and quiet enjoyment of all members.

What duty of care do property owners owe to visitors?
Date: Feb 03, 2014

In law school, one of the first cases many students would encounter is that of Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562, which was a matter that established the principle that one person owes another a duty of care – paving the way for the concept of modern negligence.

Residential Tenancy Agreements: The Bitter End
Date: Jan 01, 2014

A number of different circumstances can give rise to the end of a residential tenancy agreement; and this piece will outline the general ways in which your rental agreement can come to an end.

An introduction to mortgages and loan contracts
Date: Dec 11, 2013

By understanding what a mortgage contract entails, may assist you if you’re considering purchasing a property, or by having a greater understanding of what the ‘right of equity of redemption’ means – and how it may apply to you.

Why its important to determine your tenancy status if an issue arises
Date: Oct 01, 2013

In many Australian capital cities, the high cost of living means that many people have to share the costs of renting with others. Therefore, it’s essential that you’re aware of your tenancy status in the event that if any issues arise, you’ll have an understanding of the rights and remedies available whether you’re a boarder, lodger, sub-tenant, or co-tenant.

How do the concepts of possession, ownership and title impact property rights in Australia?
Date: Sep 04, 2013

The practice of law is complex and matters can turn on the meaning of a sentence, or even a word. For instance, when looking at ‘possession’ and ‘ownership’ in relation to property, the majority of people will assume that both terms mean essentially the same thing, and in everyday usage, yes, that would be the case. However, when looking at possession, ownership and title to property via a legal prism, there are some distinctions between possession, ownership, and title.

How should landlords deal with tenants in all phases of the rental relationship?
Date: Aug 08, 2013

Australian property prices may have dropped over the past few years, however, the rental market is still robust in major metropolitan areas such as Melbourne and Sydney. Since it’s a landlord’s market out there, it helps that a landlord is diligent when it comes to their property, because you don’t want your investment to turn sour. So what can landlords do to minimise headaches? Here are some general tips that may assist in maintaining the rental property as a valuable asset.

Eviction proceedings: What rights do renters have?
Date: Jul 01, 2013

As the number of Australians engaged with the rental market increases, it’s unsurprising that issues can sometimes arise between landlords and tenants. Ideally, any difficulties between a landlord and tenant will be resolved amicably. However, there may be times when an issue is so serious, that a landlord may feel the only option available is eviction. So the obvious question is: Do landlords have the power to evict a tenant?

Shared housing: Am I a boarder, lodger, sub-tenant, or co-tenant?
Date: May 02, 2013

It’s challenging enough for anyone to share a rental property with a stranger without also having to consider the legal ramifications of living in a shared household. However with that being said, having an understanding of the type of tenant you are is essential due to the fact that if a problem does arise with your housemate, the rights and remedies available will be dependent on whether you are a boarder, lodger, sub-tenant or co-tenant.

What happens to land if there is a caveat?
Date: Mar 05, 2013

As a valuable commodity, title to land and the protections it confers via the Torrens system is extremely important. However, what about unregistered interests in land, more often referred to as caveats? What effect do caveats have on the land?

LITIGATION - Frequently Asked Questions
Date: Dec 04, 2012

Deciding how to settle a dispute - Choosing a process - Commencing litigation - Pre-trial procedures - Discontinuance or withdrawal - Enforcement of judgments - Costs of Litigation - Time limits - Lawyers

How breaches of duty can be committed against property
Date: Oct 01, 2012

Possession under property law is a fundamental concept, and for the most part if we have a particular good, or land under our control, we would generally consider the property ours. However, what happens if there are multiple claims to property? How does the law deal with competing claims to possession? Possession is considered as such an essential property right, that a person who is found to be wrongly interfering with another person’s right to possession, will be committing a breach of duty under the law. The most common torts in regards to interference with possession are trespass, conversion and detinue. Each tort has different elements, and this article will give readers a brief overview of how a breach may occur in regards to the various torts.

Zoning laws for home based businesses
Date: Jul 16, 2012

Many budding entrepreneurs planning to launch a business from home may not be aware that strict requirements exist regarding the types of commercial activities permitted in a private residence and these obligations are generally set-out in council rules and regulations, as well as State and Territory legislation. Matters that can be covered can relate to zoning and development, pollution, health and safety, noise, energy use, parking and any other laws related to environmental impact.

Some things to be aware of when entering into a commercial lease
Date: Jun 01, 2012

Most people who sign a residential lease will easily understand what they’re signing up to, as well as the associated rights and obligations. Commercial leases are no different in that the terms of the lease must easily understood and that all of the essential elements of the agreement must be outlined in the lease. If you’re about to sign a commercial lease, there are fundamental conditions in a commercial leasing agreement that should always be evident in order to ensure that you are protected in the event that an agreement has gone awry.

Environmental Protection and Property Owners
Date: May 02, 2012

Environmental protection is a somewhat nebulous concept in property law. Generally speaking, the term refers to the enforcement activities of the Environmental Protection Agency in each of Australia's states and territories (or, in the case of Queensland, the Department of Environment and Resource Management). The scope of these laws is wide and not restricted to land owners. However, this article outlines a few general points that can help you in determining when environmental laws and regulations could apply to your situation.

Co-ownership of property: The elements and requirements
Date: Apr 01, 2012

It’s only logical that people who are either married, in serious long term relationships, or are just looking for an investment opportunity, will consider pooling their resources together in the purchasing of property. At common law, co-ownership of land can either be achieved either as a tenancy in common or via a joint tenancy. Depending on the status of the joint ownership of the land, different rights and duties will arise in relation to each category of property co-ownership.

Property Ownership and Registration in Australia
Date: Feb 03, 2012

Australia has a robust and comprehensive system of property registration. This system also dictates that extent of property ownership, such that a person obtains their title to land (meaning that they own it) through registration, rather than having to register their ownership as an extra step (much like you can own an unregistered car). This article will focus on the Torrens title system, although aspects of this discussion apply equally to strata title in large developed communities. In addition, the position of land not under the Torrens title system is considered.

Rights and responsibilities of a tenant and landlord within a leasing agreement
Date: Dec 01, 2011

Many Australian visitors will probably be all too aware that property prices in the country are rather expensive, and the dreams of home ownership may be out of reach for some. As a consequence, renting has become a viable alternative for those who are unable to afford buying property, and furthermore, it’s conceivable that some landlords and tenants may not have a complete awareness of their rights and obligations.

Property law: Caveats and competing priorities
Date: Nov 02, 2011

One of the enduring dreams for Australians is property ownership, and therefore, it is of little surprise that property interests in land are so fiercely guarded. The array of proprietary interests can be mindboggling, and can include tenancy, sub-tenancy, mortgages or fee simple, just to name a few of the different proprietary interests that exist. Due to the myriad property interests in land which are available – and coupled with how jealously people guard their interests – it is perhaps of little surprise that disputes in relation to competing interests in land will arise. It is not uncommon for numerous valid interests in land to be held simultaneously by different parties, therefore, how are disputes resolved in such circumstances? If there are a number of valid interests in land: Who would the law consider as having the better interest?

NSW Homebuyers Face Tighter Stamp Duty Concessions
Date: Oct 05, 2011

First time home buyers in NSW will soon feel the pinch of tighter stamp duty concessions, with the introduction of new measures by the State Treasury in the 2011-2012 Budget.

Buying a property: the Australian Dream
Date: Sep 15, 2011

Claiming your piece of the ‘Australian Dream’ is becoming harder and, with more at stake than ever, buyers should be aware that it will not be always easy nor problem free. Your best defence in keeping the dream from becoming a nightmare is to simply arm yourself with the best possible information and advice.

Requisitions on Title
Date: Sep 10, 2011

If you are purchasing a property, as part of acting on a conveyance your lawyer will make enquiries from the vendor about the title to the property. These are called “Requisitions on Title”.

Ongoing Refinement of LEP instruments
Date: Sep 05, 2011

The importance of Local Environmental Plans (LEPs) has become evident over the last decade, with increased development, population shifts, changing weather patterns and extreme weather events. LEPs provide shape and guidance for overseeing the way land is used in the State and for determining decisions made with regard to the estimated $20b worth of local development in the State’s annual budget. LEPs set down zoning and development controls and afford communities a way to look at and discuss future planning and environmental directions.

Erosion Management on the NSW Coast
Date: Aug 02, 2011

Under the NSW Coastal Protection Act, which makes provisions for the use and occupation of the coastal region, the NSW government provides for the protection, preservation and sustainable use of coastal regions. On 21st October 2010, an Amendment Act was passed through parliament, amending several pieces of legislation pertaining to the coastal environment. This amendment affects the Coastal Protection Act, the Local Government Act 1993, and the Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979. The primary intent of the amendment is to improve arrangements for dealing with coastal erosion. Recent weather events, escalating storm activity and flooding, and rising and changing sea levels have made it essential that the effects of erosion on the coastal strip and associated regions be addressed. This framework legislation does not outline specific solutions for individual areas, but rather provides a structure for management of a range of issues.

Senior Citizens and Stamp Duty Exemptions
Date: Jul 05, 2011

If you are a Senior who owns property in New South Wales or is thinking of purchasing a property in New South Wales you need to be aware of the new legislation passed through Parliament exempting you from the payment of stamp duty in certain circumstances.

Change of government in NSW sees Repeal of The Torrens Assurance Levy
Date: Jun 06, 2011

An Act to amend the Real Property Act 1900 and the Real Property Regulation 2008 in order to abolish the Torrens Assurance Levy ad valorem tax was introduced into the NSW parliament on 9 May, 2011. It was assented to on 24 May 2011.

Trees (Disputes Between Neighbours) Amendment Act 2010 (NSW)
Date: Apr 01, 2011

Disputes between neighbours concerning trees causing damage or blocking ocean views are all too common. But now neighbours have something else to fight about: hedges!

Getting it straight with strata
Date: Mar 02, 2011

The rules governing home units are becoming increasingly more complex.

Securing Progress Payments in the Building & Construction Industry
Date: Feb 03, 2011

An Act to amend the Building and Construction Security of Payment Act 1999 was assented to in November 2010. It fine tunes the way in which the problem of progress payments with regard to construction work under contract was addressed, and takes a further step towards ensuring that progress payments will be held by the principal contractor.

What do I need to know about Dealing with Asbestos
Date: Nov 02, 2010

If your home was built or renovated before the mid-1980s, the most likely scenario is that you are dealing with some asbestos in the building material. Asbestos was commonly used in cement sheeting (fibro), drainage and flue pipes, roofing, guttering and flexible building boards, and in brakes, clutches and gaskets.

I don't want to get gazumped
Date: Oct 07, 2010

It is unfortunately not uncommon for people to find the home they want, have an offer accepted, and then before contracts are actually exchanged, another buyer sneaks in ahead of them.

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